Genealogy by Martha

Cross - Love - Culpepper - Herron - Mordecai - Shelby - Cobb

Louis Deupree

Male Abt 1561 - 1622  (~ 61 years)


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  • Name Louis Deupree 
    Born Abt 1561  Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1622  LaRochelle, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I7171  MyTree
    Last Modified 28 Aug 2014 

    Father Louis Claude Deupree, II,   b. Abt 1533, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1612, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 79 years) 
    Mother Suzanne Moeze,   b. France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3816  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
     1. Alice Deupree,   b. France Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Suzanne Deupree,   b. France Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Marie Deupree,   b. France Find all individuals with events at this location
    +4. Jean Deupree,   b. 1597, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1674, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jul 2017 
    Family ID F3815  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • When Henry IV dies, in 1610, he has had six children by his second
      wife, Marie de Médicis, in the previous nine years. This level of
      productivity is remarkable in that Henry is famous also for the number
      of his mistresses (causing him to become known as le vert galant, the
      "evergreen gallant").
      Henry's infidelities have strained his relationship with Marie
      (married for the advantages which a Medici dowry will bring to the
      French exchequer), and it is only on the day before his assassination
      that she finally manages to be crowned queen. The coincidence provokes
      rumours as to her possible involvement in the crime. But as the
      crowned queen she successfully asserts her claim to be regent for her
      son, the 9-year-old Louis XIII.
      Marie immediately reverses the anti-Habsburg policy prevailing at
      the end of Henry's reign. She admits the Spanish ambassador to her
      council and arranges for two of her children to marry the infanta and
      infante, the two elder children of Philip III of Spain; Louis XIII is
      betrothed to Anne, and his sister Elizabeth to the future Philip IV.
      Marie's regency is extravagant and incompetent. It ends in violence
      when Louis XIII, at the age of seventeen, arranges for the
      assassination of his mother's favourite, the Marquis d'Ancre, and
      takes power into his own hands. In the long run Marie's main
      contribution is her employment of a very talented administrator -
      Richelieu.
      Armand du Plessis, created cardinal in 1622 and duc de Richelieu in
      1631, begins his public career as the 21-year-old bishop of the small
      diocese of Luçon. He comes to the attention of Marie de Médicis when
      he is one of the representatives of the clergy in the estates general
      of 1614 (summoned by her for the purpose of raising funds). He becomes
      one of her secretaries of state in 1616.
      When Marie is exiled from Paris in 1617 by her son, Richelieu goes
      with her. But there is a reconciliation between mother and son in
      1622. By 1624 Richelieu is on Louis XIII's council of state. Later in
      that same year he is declared to be the "principal minister".
      Over the next eighteen years the two men, minister and king,
      devote themselves to raising the status of France. On his appointment,
      Richelieu declares to his king that he will undertake four important
      tasks. They are, in his own sequence: to destroy the Huguenots; to
      weaken the power of the nobles; to bring the French people to
      obedience; and to raise the name of the king to its rightful place
      among foreign nations.
      When Richelieu makes these resolutions, in 1624, the Huguenots have
      recently been up in arms against the crown over an issue of church
      property. As a result their fortresses, allowed them by the edict of
      Nantes, have been reduced to just two - La Rochelle and Montauban.
      Huguenot assistance to an English raid in 1627 gives Richelieu the
      pretext he needs. He besieges the stronghold of La Rochelle. The
      Huguenots hold out for a year, but finally yield in October 1628. In
      the resulting peace of Alès, in 1629, all the political privileges
      granted them in the edict of Nantes are removed, together with their
      last two strongholds. But they are left with their freedom to worship
      as Calvinists.
      Richelieu's next aims (reducing the power of the nobles and
      increasing the obedience of the populace) are resolved, almost as one
      package, by making more effective France's steady progress towards
      absolutism - or unbridled centralized rule by the monarch.
      Strong centralized rule was attempted by Francis I, was improved
      upon by Henry IV, and is now - thanks to Richelieu - successfully
      achieved by Louis XIII. The estates general summoned in 1614 by Marie
      de Médicis proves to be the last for almost two centuries (until the
      fateful assembly of 1789). The administration now put in place is run
      by bureaucrats from the centre, not by nobles dispersed around the
      country. To have influence now one needs to be at court, under the eye
      of the king and his minister.
      Richelieu taxes the country hard, prompting several peasant
      uprisings. He needs the money for his last purpose, promoting the
      international dignity of the French king. This aim embroils him in the
      Thirty Years' War.
      The threat to France's international stature comes, as it has done
      since the days of Charles V and Francis I, from the joint Habsburg
      dynasties of Spain and Austria. From 1629, when the Austrian emperor
      seems to have the upper hand in Germany's war, Richelieu is busy
      diplomatically - in particular urging intervention by Gustavus II of
      Sweden.
      When Gustavus does invade, and in 1632 reaches as far south as
      Munich, Richelieu takes advantage of the general turmoil to slip a
      French army into Lorraine. But by 1635 Gustavus is dead, the Austrian
      emperor is about to make peace with his German subjects, and Spain is
      actively campaigning against the United Provinces on France's northern
      border.
      Richelieu decides that it is time for overt action. In 1635 he
      makes an alliance with the United Provinces and Sweden and declares
      war on Spain and the Austrian empire.
      The war is still going on when Richelieu dies in 1642, to be
      followed by Louis XIII in 1643. Had they lived until the peace of
      Westphalia in 1648, they would have known that Richelieu had made
      major strides in his aim of boosting the French king's prestige. The
      treaty gives France territorial rights in Lorraine and Alsace (both
      left a little vague), and it reflects a subtle change in Europe's
      balance of power. By the end of the century the nation which everyone
      else fears will be no longer Spain or the Austrian empire, but France.