Genealogy by Martha

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Louis Claude Deupree, I

Male 1517 - 1572  (55 years)

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  • Name Louis Claude Deupree 
    Born 1517  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1572  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I7182  MyTree
    Last Modified 28 Aug 2014 

    Father Jacques Henre Deupree, II,   b. 1490, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1567, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years) 
    Mother Antoinette Gaillard,   b. 1496, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1543, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years) 
    Married Abt 1515  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3818  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Alice Jospin,   b. France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married France Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Alice Deupree,   b. France Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Richard Deupree,   b. France Find all individuals with events at this location
    +3. Louis Claude Deupree, II,   b. Abt 1533, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1612, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 79 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jul 2017 
    Family ID F3817  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Francis, preparing to make war on his rival after Charles's
      election as emperor, attempts first to secure an important ally on his
      western flank - England's Henry VIII, the third in this trio of
      autocratic young rulers born within a few years of each other. If
      Francis is to march safely against Charles, he cannot in his absence
      risk Henry pressing his family's ancient claim to the throne of
      France, or even extending the territory round England's last remaining
      French possession, the pale of Calais.
      Francis therefore invites Henry in 1520 to the spectacularly lavish
      meeting which becomes known as the Field of Cloth of Gold.
      The conviviality of the Field of Cloth of Gold fails to deliver an
      English alliance (Henry immediately moves on to a less sumptuous but
      more fruitful meeting with Charles V in Kent, where each agrees to
      make no pact with Francis for at least two years). In 1521 Francis
      moves against Spanish land in the Pyrenees, beginning years of
      intermittent warfare.
      In 1522 an imperial army drives the French out of Milan. Three
      years later Francis marches into Italy to reclaim his territory, with
      disastrous consequences. The French are heavily defeated at Pavia, in
      1525, and Francis himself is taken prisoner. Soon he is in a fortress
      in Madrid, negotiating with Charles under duress.
      After six months Francis secures his release from Madrid by giving
      up his claims to Flanders, Artois and Tournai in the Netherlands, to
      Milan, Genoa and Naples in Italy, and to the duchy of Burgundy. But he
      has little intention of keeping his word. Within two months of his
      return to France, in 1526, he has put in place a pact, the League of
      Cognac, allying himself with Venice and a new pope, Clement VII.
      This time it is the pope who soon finds himself a prisoner. An
      imperial army, campaigning in Italy and containing large numbers of
      unpaid German mercenaries, marches in 1527 on the holy city of Rome.
      Rome is sacked, looted and ravaged with the violence customary on
      such occasions. Rich citizens are seized for ransom; there are stories
      of nuns offered for sale on the streets. The pope manages to reach the
      security of the Castel Sant'Angelo where he shelters, a prisoner in
      all but name, until the imperial army is at last withdrawn from the
      These violent events prompt the treaty of Cambrai, signed in 1529
      and known as the 'ladies' peace' because its terms are negotiated
      between Francis's mother and one of Charles's aunts. It confirms the
      concessions made by Francis in Madrid, except that now Charles
      renounces his claim to the original duchy of Burgundy (only a small
      part of his Burgundian inheritance).
      While coping with French hostility, Charles has other major
      concerns not shared by his rival - aggression from the Turks (on the
      empire's eastern frontier, and in the Mediterranean), and the
      Protestant unrest which is creating turmoil in Germany.
      In 1529 (the year of the treaty between Charles and Francis) the
      Turks besiege Vienna and the pirate Barbarossa, working in alliance
      with the Turkish sultan, secures himself a base in Algiers. In 1530
      Charles finds time to have himself formally crowned emperor by the
      pope in Bologna. Then he hurries north to negotiate with the
      Protestants at Augsburg. In 1531 Protestant princes form the League of
      Schmalkalden in opposition to Charles.
      In these circumstances there is every reason for the two leading
      European monarchs, both Roman Catholic, to stand together. But Francis
      cannot accept the defeat implicit in the treaty of Cambrai. He now
      shocks contemporary opinion by negotiating with Protestants and even
      Muslims for an alliance against the Habsburg empire.
      Francis goes to war twice more against Charles, in 1536-8 and
      1542-4. The fate of Nice in 1543 suggests very well the bitter and
      improbable results of this royal rivalry. The Muslim ally of Francis
      in the siege of Nice (in the duchy of Savoy, which is part of the
      empire) is Barbarossa. The famous pirate, now a Turkish admiral,
      carries off 2500 Christians into captivity.
      Although the loser in the long struggle with Charles V, Francis I
      leaves his mark on France in many ways. As in England and Spain at the
      same period, royal authority is strengthened during his reign with an
      increasingly centralized administration. And the royal splendour is
      reflected in art and architecture. Francis is the monarch, more than
      any other, who brings the Renaissance to France.
      Leonardo da Vinci is the greatest artist attracted to the court of
      Francis I, but he is only one of many. And these artists adorn
      buildings which are now palaces, rather than royal castles or hunting
      The centre of French court life is Fontainebleau, a royal hunting
      lodge almost entirely rebuilt by Francis I from 1527. Here he brings
      the Italian artists Rosso Fiorentino (in 1530) and Primaticcio (in
      1532), who together establish a French style of mannerist painting
      known as the school of Fontainebleau. They are joined in 1540 by the
      goldsmith and sculptor Benvenuto Cellini, whose famous golden salt
      cellar is made at Fontainebleau.
      Francis has earlier rebuilt Chambord, from 1519 - in name a castle
      on the Loire, in style a palace. In 1546 he begins to transform
      Paris's old royal castle, the Louvre, into yet another palace. France
      is later the home of absolute monarchy. In Francis I it has a
      foretaste of the theme.
      In the last few years of the reign of Francis I the persecution of
      Protestants within Catholic France grows more pronounced. The
      religious clash first becomes a prominent issue in France with the
      so-called 'affair of the placards' in 1534, when radical Protestants
      indulge in an unwise and intemperate gesture.
      During the night of October 17 the streets of Paris and other towns
      are secretly plastered with posters mocking the sacrament of the mass.
      One is even found the next morning on the door of the bedroom in which
      Francis I is sleeping at Amboise.
      Over the next few months there is an energetic rounding up of
      Protestants. Twenty-three are burnt at the stake before politics
      dampens religious fervour. Francis needs the friendship of German
      Lutheran princes.
      In the 1540s there is a return to religious severity. It is
      prompted partly by the publication in 1541 of Calvin's French version
      of his Latin Institutes, in which he sums up his Protestant theology.
      His book is burnt in 1544, and the martyrdom of Protestants resumes -
      though not as yet in dramatic numbers. In 1555 Jean Crespin records
      their suffering in his Book of Martyrs, the equivalent of Foxe's
      influential volume in England.
      The greatest outrage of the 1540s, the massacre of the Waldenses,
      cannot be blamed directly on Francis or on government policy. Local
      officials in Provence deliberately mislead the king in order to
      justify the persecution. The Waldenses, a medieval sect attracted by
      the ideals of reform, adopt a creed close to that of Calvin. In 1545
      their villages are burnt and some 3000 men, women and children are
      Religious policy becomes more rigid during the reign of Francis's
      son, Henry II. A special court (the chambre ardente, 'burning
      chamber') is set up in Paris in 1547 for the trying of heretics. The
      French Reformation is about to acquire its uniquely intense and
      political character.