Genealogy by Martha

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Jacques Henre Deupree, II

Male 1490 - 1567  (77 years)

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  • Name Jacques Henre Deupree 
    Suffix II 
    Born 1490  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1567  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I7186  MyTree
    Last Modified 28 Aug 2014 

    Father Jaques Henre Deupree, I,   b. 1433, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1507, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Mother Agnes Villiers,   b. France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3823  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Antoinette Gaillard,   b. 1496, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1543, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years) 
    Married Abt 1515  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Anne Marie Deupree,   b. France Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. Louis Claude Deupree, I,   b. 1517, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1572, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jul 2017 
    Family ID F3818  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • During the first three decades of the 16th century Italy is the
      scene of almost ceaseless warfare between local contenders
      (particularly Venice and the papacy) and foreign claimants (France and
      Spain), with occasional interventions from north of the Alps by
      Habsburgs and by armies from the Swiss cantons.
      The Italian adventures of the French king Charles VIII are
      continued by Louis XII, his cousin and successor. To the long-standing
      French claim to Naples, Louis adds a new demand - he believes himself
      to be duke of Milan, by descent from his Visconti grandmother.
      French armies seize Milan for Louis XII in 1499, and the French
      occupy part of the kingdom of Naples in 1501. The Spanish soon recover
      full control of Naples (by 1504), but the presence of the French in
      Milan causes an ambitious new pope, Julius II, to intervene in the
      unstable affairs of northern Italy. He marches north and captures
      Bologna in 1506.
      Julius believes Venice and the French to be the two main threats to
      the papal states of central Italy. With ruthless diplomatic skill he
      organizes two different alignments of the principal players, to deal
      with each of his enemies in turn.
      The pope forms first the league of Cambrai, in 1508, in which he
      persuades France, Spain and the Austrian Habsburgs to join him against
      Venice. The Venetians are defeated at Agnadello in 1509, after which
      Julius and the Habsburgs appropriate much of Venice's mainland
      With this achieved, the pope moves on to his second objective. He
      organizes the Holy League of 1511. Again there is a single enemy, but
      this time it is France. Venice, recently humbled, is enrolled with
      Spain and the Habsburgs on the papal side; and there is useful support
      from the Swiss, now considered Europe's most formidable fighters. Even
      Henry VIII of England joins in, at a distance.
      In 1512 a joint army of papal, Spanish and Venetian forces weakens
      the French in a battle near Ravenna, after which the Swiss are able to
      sweep through Lombardy and drive the intruders from Milan.
      At this stage Venice and France are the clear losers. But this has
      only been round one. In the next bout, the contest becomes much more
      clearly a clash between Spain and France - and in particular a
      personal rivalry between two young kings. Francis inherits the throne
      of France in 1515. Charles, a Habsburg, becomes king of Spain in the
      following year on the death of Ferdinand II.
      A new mood of youth and enthusiasm enters France with the accession
      in 1515 of the 20-year-old Francis I. The centre of a glamorous young
      group of courtiers, he is a cousin of the previous king, Louis XII,
      and is married to Louis' daughter.
      In a spirit of adventure, Francis takes up his father-in-law's
      ailing and expensive cause in northern Italy. In the summer of 1515 he
      rides south to recover Milan from the forces of the Holy League. In a
      two-day battle at Marignano in September, the French defeat the ranks
      of Swiss infantry - mercenaries, fighting in the pope's cause, whose
      pikes and halberds have previously seemed invincible.
      French artilllery plays its part in the victory at Marignano, but
      the French cavalry also cuts a dash - with the young king prominent in
      person. In a mood of medieval chivalry, Francis is knighted on the
      battlefield by a famous French warrior, Pierre de Bayard, the brave
      victor in many past encounters and known in his own lifetime as the
      chevalier sans peur et sans reproche ('knight without fear or
      The rapid capture of Milan, in the first year of his reign, makes
      Francis the most glamorous monarch in Europe. Leo X, the Medici pope
      who was funding the defeated Swiss mercenaries, entertains the victor
      of Marignano in lavish style at his papal court in Bologna.
      Francis, liking what he sees of the Italian Renaissance (the pope
      offers him a madonna by Raphael), determines to enjoy these
      splendours. He invites Italian artists to France, including even the
      aged Leonardo da Vinci. By the spring of 1517 Italy's most versatile
      genius has moved to Amboise, where a rocky fortress has recently been
      adapted as a royal residence.
      Leonardo lives the last two years of his life with the title 'first
      painter and engineer and architect' of the French king. But in the
      year of Leonardo's death, 1519, there is a serious challenge to the
      status now enjoyed by Francis as the premier monarch of Europe.
      Charles, the even younger head of the Habsburg dynasty, emerges as a
      Charles succeeds in 1516 to the throne of Spain and in 1519 - on
      the death of his grandfather Maximilian I - to all the Habsburg
      territories including Burgundy. The result is that he rules much of
      the land to the immediate south and north of France. There is every
      chance that Charles (now aged nineteen) will also be elected to his
      grandfather's crown as German king and Holy Roman emperor - an office
      which has been held by the Habsburgs since 1438.
      If that happens, north Italy and Germany will also owe allegiance
      to this powerful young ruler. Alarmed at the prospect of France being
      encircled, the French king, Francis, decides to contest the imperial
      There is perhaps little chance of a French king being elected to
      rule an empire which in its origin included France but which has not
      done so for centuries. But Charles is taking no risks. He clinches the
      election by dispensing vast sums in bribes (borrowing the money from
      the Fuggers, to their great advantage and his lasting inconvenience).
      He is elected in June 1519 and crowned as German king at Aachen in
      This is the first encounter in a rivalry between Charles and
      Francis which comes to dominate the politics of western Europe. It
      involves a large measure of personal animosity.