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John William Culpepper

John William Culpepper

Male 1772 - 1855  (82 years)

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  • Name John William Culpepper 
    Born 1 Oct 1772  Camden District, SC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Burial (Elliott Family Cemetery) now the Wadley City Cemetery, Randolph Co., AL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Census 1800  Lexington Dist., SC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Census 1810  Richland Dist., SC Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Census 1830  Monroe Co., GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Census 1840  Meriwether Co., GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 13 May 1855  Wadley, Randolph Co., Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Memorial stone in the cemetery of the Allen-Lee Memorial United Methodist Church, Lone Oak, GA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I3043  MyTree
    Last Modified 27 Aug 2021 

    Father John Culpepper,   b. Abt 1748,   d. Aft 1772  (Age ~ 25 years) 
    Mother Sarah Oglethorpe,   b. 1750, Lexington Co., SC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Bef 1772 
    Family ID F4613  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Nancy J. Gillespie,   b. Abt 1778, St Davids Parish, Cheraw, Chesterfield, SC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jul 1848, Randolph Co., AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 70 years) 
    Married 18 May 1794  Richland Dist., SC Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Joel Culpepper
    +2. Francis Gillespie Culpepper
     3. Daniel Peek Culpepper
     4. Sarah Oglethorpe Culpepper
     5. George Washington Culpepper
    +6. Mary Elizabeth Culpepper,   b. 31 Jul 1811, Edgefield Dist., SC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 May 1883  (Age 71 years)
     7. Lewis Peek Culpepper
    +8. John Jefferson Culpepper,   b. 4 Nov 1797, Orangeburg dist., SC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 May 1885, Clanton, Randolph Co., Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 87 years)
     9. James I. J. Culpepper,   b. 1 Jun 1806, Edgefield Co., SC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Oct 1846, Coosa Co., AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
     10. William Henry Culpepper,   b. 1813, Edgefield Dist., SC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1909, Wadley, Randolph Co., Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 96 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jul 2017 
    Family ID F4611  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    John Culpepper
    John Culpepper
    Rev John William Culpepper

    John and Nancy Culpepper headstone
    John and Nancy Culpepper headstone
    Headstone of Rev John William and Nancy Gillespie Culpepper located at Liberty West Baptist Cemetery, Randolph County, Alabama, USA

  • Notes 
    • Census 1800*: 4 Aug 1800, Lexington District, South Carolina,
      Unaccounted for is 1 female 0-10., free wh male 0-10=Joel Culpepper of
      Crawford Co., GA, free wh male 0-10=Daniel Peek Culpepper, free wh
      male 0-10=John Jefferson Culpepper, Nancy Culpepper1
      Census 1810*: 6 Aug 1810, Richland District, South Carolina,
      Unaccounted for are 1 male 0-10 and 1 female 16-26., free wh female
      26-45=Nancy Gillespie, free wh male 10-16=John Jefferson Culpepper,
      free wh male 10-16=Joel Culpepper of Crawford Co., GA, free wh male
      0-10=Daniel Peek Culpepper, free wh female 0-10=Sarah O. Culpepper,
      free wh male 0-10=Francis Gillespie Culpepper, free wh male 0-10=James
      I. J. Culpepper, free wh male 0-10=George Washington Culpepper2,3

      Deed*: Feb 1823, Edgefield District, South Carolina, John Culpepper to
      Josiah Langley Sr. for $800, the tract “where I live” as granted to
      George Shelnut, 144 acres on Cuffeetown Creek and waters of Stephens
      Creek and Savannah River, adjoining said Josiah Langley and the heirs
      of Robert Bell. Witnesses: James Harrison, Mathew Rhodes. Nancy
      Culpepper gives consent., Grantor=Nancy Gillespie, Adjacent Land
      Owner=Robert Bell4
      Deed*: Jan 1827, Monroe Co., Georgia, Warren T. Castleberry of Newton
      Co. to John Culpepper, Sr. of Monroe Co. for $800: 202.5 acres in Lot
      233 in District 13. Wit: Jas. Wilson, E. Dodson, J.P. Sarah
      Castleberry releases her dower rights.5
      Deed: Feb 1828, Monroe Co., Georgia, John Culpepper, Sr. of Monroe Co.
      to Wm. G. Fitzpatrick for $800: 202.5 acres in Lot 223 in District 12.
      Wit: G. W. Elliott, John Haynes, J.P. (Then, John Dean witnesses next
      deed of John Chappell to Reddick Rutland).6
      Census 1830*: 1 Jun 1830, Monroe Co., Georgia, free wh male 10-15=Rev.
      Lewis Peek Culpepper, free wh male 15-20=Rev. William Henry Culpepper,
      free wh female 50-60=Nancy Gillespie, free wh male 15-20=George
      Washington Culpepper7
      Census 1840*: 1 Jun 1840, Meriwether Co., Georgia, free wh female
      50-60=Nancy Gillespie8
      Census 1850*: 1850, Randolph Co., Alabama, household member=Lewis
      Washington Culpepper9

      Death*: 13 May 1855, Randolph Co., Alabama
      Biography*: John Culpepper's Bible is believed to have existed in the
      early 1900's. Mrs. J. W. (Ira Gay) Deam of Gay, GA, a descendant of
      Joel Culpepper, John's oldest son, preserved a copy of family records
      which were supposed to have been in the Bible. Mrs. D. W. (Lavyn
      Wright) Sisco transcribed Mrs. Deam's records which began with the
      record of the marriage of John and Nancy (Gillespie) Culpepper
      followed by the note: John Culpepper was born on October 1, 1772

      Full death dates were recorded for John and Nancy (Gillespie)
      Culpepper and all of their children except for William Henry and Lewis
      Peek Culpepper. A note was made after William Henry's birth record
      noting that he had died "1909 Randolph County Alabama." The note after
      Lewis Peek Culpepper's birth record read "Living in Chambers Co." So
      the record appears to have been copied sometime after 1909 and before
      1915 when Lewis Peek Culpepper died. The Bible is not known to be in
      the possession of any of the descendants of William Henry or Lewis
      Peek Culpepper or of Mrs. J. W. (Ira Gay) Deam. There is a possibility
      that the Bible was still in existence 8 Oct 1942 when Rev. George
      Bright Culpepper wrote "ONE FAMILY - CULPEPPER" a 25 page typed,
      double-spaced summary of the descendants of Daniel Peek Culpepper.
      Rev. Culpepper wrote about Daniel Peek Culpepper's father: John
      William Culpepper was born in Richland District, fork of the Congaree
      and Wateree Rivers, South Carolina, October 1, 1772, according to the
      record in his family Bible, set down in his own hand.

      The statement raises several questions, one of which is, did Rev.
      Culpepper have the Bible when he wrote this or was he working from a
      copy of the record or from other notes. Rev. Culpepper later made
      reference to "my scrapbook" which had information about the family. A
      granddaughter of Rev. Culpepper, Mrs. J. D. (Dorothy Culpepper)
      Wingfield, wrote 12 May 1993 that "I have no idea whether Geo. B. ever
      had possession of that bible."
      A second problem is that only two copies of John Culpepper's signature
      are known to exist. On an 1807 bond which was included in the estate
      papers of Daniel Peak/Peek, John signed his name "John Culpeper" but
      in 1853, he signed his name "John Culpepper" on a letter to his son,
      Francis G. Culpepper. Otherwise the signatures are the same. Spelling
      was in a state of flux during John Culpepper's lifetime and it was
      considered a sign of education if one was able to spell the same word
      several different ways. But apparently, by the end of his life, John
      had settled on the Culpepper spelling. Neither signature had a middle
      initial. As noted above, Rev. George B. Culpepper specified that
      John's name was "John William Culpepper" "according to the record in
      his family Bible, set down in his own hand." But the record copied by
      Mrs. Deam and Mrs. Sisco gave the name as "John Culpepper." Where did
      the "William" come from? Joseph Richard Culpepper, a grandson of John
      Culpepper, had gotten a copy of a "history" that was being circulated
      in various branches of the family which showed that the family
      descended from a "John Marlo Culpeper" who was alleged to have been
      the John Culpeper of Culpeper's Rebellion and "first cousin to Lord
      Culpepper (Colepepper) who was Gov. of Virginia." The list continued
      down through "John William Culpepper" born "1774" a son of "Charles
      Marion Culpepper." Joseph Richard Culpepper puzzled over this document
      and did not know what to make of it. Finally, as Joseph Richard
      Culpepper noted in a letter to his cousin, Rev. George Bright
      Culpepper: I wrote to Father [Lewis Peek Culpepper] asking him to give
      me all the information he could relative to his father, grandfather,
      etc. He knows nothing farther back than his grandfather who was John
      instead of Charles Marion.... He says there were three brothers, John,
      Ben and Joseph. John was my great grandfather as was Joseph, also, on
      my mother's side.... John William was my father's father and your
      father's grandfather....

      If only we had the letter that Lewis Peek Culpepper wrote to his son,
      we might be able to see if he had actually named his father "John
      William Culpepper" or if he had named both his father and grandfather
      "John Culpepper" and Joseph Richard Culpepper had used the "John
      William Culpepper" from the history in an attempt to reconcile the
      alleged history with what his father had written and in order to
      clearly distinguish his grandfather from his great-grandfather in his
      letter to Rev. Culpepper. In any event, the source of the name "John
      William Culpepper" was probably the alleged history of the family and
      Rev. George B. Culpepper would probably have considered Joseph Richard
      Culpepper's letter a confirmation of the name because Joseph Richard
      appeared to have been reporting information that he had gotten from
      his father, Lewis Peek Culpepper.

      The only other indication of John Culpepper's middle name, if any, is
      an 1829 Upson Co., GA deed (A 434/5), in which John Jefferson
      Culpepper deeds land to his father for $5.00, the father's name is
      listed not once but three times as "John C. Culpepper." The clerk was
      trying to distinguish the grantor "John J. Culpepper" from the grantee
      "John Culpepper" and used "John C. Culpepper" to distinguish the two.
      Since John Culpepper, Senior was not illiterate, the "C" cannot be
      interpreted as his "mark." But if John Culpepper's middle initial was
      "C." he did not pass the name to any of his sons. And only one
      grandson of John Culpepper is known to have a name starting with "C,"
      Charles William Culpepper, a son of Joel. Could John Culpepper have
      had a middle name of Charles? It would have been a common name for a
      supporter of the Stuarts but would have fallen out of favor after the
      Joseph went on in the letter to note that John Culpepper "moved from
      Virginia to Congaree, South Carolina and then to Edgefield [SC] and
      from Edgefield to Monroe County, Georgia and later to Meriwether
      County, Georgia, and to Randolph County, Alabama, where he died in
      1855, when I was 12 years old" and not in 1852 as in the alleged
      history. Again it it not possible to know if Joseph Richard Culpepper
      was still trying to reconcile the alleged history which said that
      "John William" was born in Virginia with what his father had told him
      about the movement of the family. However, in the 1850 census of
      Randolph Co., AL (p. 386, family 189), John Culpepper gave his place
      of birth as South Carolina.

      No records have been found in South Carolina for John Culpepper's
      presumed father, John. The elder John is believed to have lived in
      Camden District, SC in an area that became Richland District, SC and
      many early records for this district were destroyed. If the parents of
      John Culpepper died young, possibly before or during the Revolution,
      and John was their only child, then it is unlikely that any record of
      their existence, outside of family tradition, will ever be found.

      In trying to identify where John Culpepper was born, it is necessary
      to look at the extant Culpepper records in districts that existed at
      the time of his birth. In 1769, the Province of South Carolina was
      divided into seven districts, three of whom have Culpepper
      connections: Cheraws, Camden and Orangeburg.
      Cheraws District was bounded on the west by the Lynches River and the
      Pedee River ran through the center of it. Nancy Gillespie, who married
      John Culpepper, is believed to have been born in this district.

      Joseph Richard Culpepper noted that "Congaree, South Carolina" was one
      of the places where John Culpepper had lived and Rev. George Bright
      Culpepper indicated that "John William Culpepper" had been born in
      "Richland District, fork of the Congaree and Wateree Rivers." Richland
      District did not exist at the time John Culpepper was born but the
      Congaree River was part of the Western boundary of the Camden
      District. The Wateree River ran through the center of the district
      which was bounded on the east by Lynches River and Cheraws District.
      The Wateree then joined with the Congaree to form the Santee River. On
      3 Apr 1772, Joseph Culpepper, a presumed uncle of John Culpepper,
      received a grant by "George the Third... Four hundred Acres, situate
      in Craven County on Tom's Creek, in the fork between Santee River &
      the Wateree, bounding all sides on Vacant land." Tom's, Thom's or
      Thomson's Creek as it was known was halfway between the Wateree and
      Congaree near the confluence which forms the Santee river and was
      south of present day Columbia, SC. The land was listed as being in
      "Craven County." This was one of three counties established in 1682
      and although it had ceased to exist in 1769, it was still used in land
      transactions to help specify the location of land. 22 Aug 1771, Liddy
      Culpepper, a presumed grandmother of John Culpepper, was granted 350
      acres of land on Griffin's Creek which has not been located but was
      listed as being "in Craven County on the Fork of the Wateree and
      Congaree River." If any South Carolina land was granted to John
      Culpepper's father before the Revolution, no record of it has been
      found. If John Culpepper was born at the fork of the Congaree and the
      Wateree Rivers then he would have been born on the land of his
      presumed grandmother in Camden District, SC in an area which later
      became Richland District, SC and which today would be located just
      south of Columbia, Richland Co., SC.
      After the Revolution, in 1785, counties were formed within the
      districts which had been defined in 1769 but the district boundaries
      were maintained. The area in which Joseph and Liddy Culpepper had
      received grants of land was then considered to be in Richland County.
      In the first census of the United States in 1790, Benjamin and Joseph
      Culpepper, presumed uncles of John Culpepper, were the only
      Culpepper's listed as heads of household in South Carolina. They were
      both listed in Orangeburg District. This district ran southwest from
      the Congaree and Santee rivers to the Savannah River. John Culpepper
      probably moved across the Congaree River to Orangeburg District, SC
      with his presumed uncles and with his presumed grandmother, if she was
      still living. It is possible that John Culpepper was one of the three
      males age 16 and older recorded in Joseph Culpepper's household in the
      1790 census of Orangeburg District, SC. .

      In 1793, John turned twenty-one and on May 18th of the following year
      he married Nancy Gillespie. Presumably, they would have married in the
      county where Nancy was living but it is not known whether this would
      have been Cheraws or Camden district. Since Nancy's presumed
      grandfather, Daniel Peek, left an estate in what was then Richland
      District (Richland County was part of Camden District in 1793), it
      possible that the marriage took place in Richland Co., SC. Mrs. J. W.
      (Ira Gay) Deam preserved the following John Culpepper Bible record
      which was copied by Mrs. D. W. (Lavyn Wright) Sisco: John Culpepper
      Senior(?) and Nancy Gillespie were married on May 8, 1794, at 9:00
      A.M. Cloudy, evening fair.

      In "ONE FAMILY - CULPEPPER" a family summary written 8 Oct 1942, Rev.
      George Bright Culpepper also references the Bible record of John's
      marriage: According to the same record, John William Culpepper married
      Nancey [sic] Gillespie on May 18, 1794, the ceremony being performed
      by Reverend Reese, at his house on the Congaree. It was on Sunday,
      cloudy in the morning and fair in the evening.

      Again, it is frustrating not having the actual Bible record. Which
      copiest made the error in the date? Was the name really "John William
      Culpepper"? Supporting Rev. Culpepper's version is that fact that 18
      May 1794 actually was a Sunday. The location on the Congaree is
      logical but was it on the Richland District side or on the Orangeburg
      District side? What was Rev. Reese's first name and where was he
      located in the 1790 census? There was a Joseph Reese that had land
      near Joseph and Liddy Culpepper before the Revolution. The Bible
      records apparently also mention the exact hour of birth of each of the
      couple's eleven children, a penchant for detail which would continue
      in more than one branch of the family.
      In 1785, Lexington County was one of the counties set up in the
      Orangeburg District. It was directly across the Congaree River from
      Richland County in Camden District. The county was abolished in 1791
      but was reinstated as a district in 1804. John Culpepper, age 16-26,
      was listed as a head-of-household on the 1800 census in the Lexington
      portion of Orangeburg District, SC. Depending on when the census was
      taken, John would have been 27 or 28 years old. John was living with
      his wife and three sons near (1 census page after) Joseph Culpepper.
      There was also one girl 0-10 years of age that has not been accounted
      for since the first daughter born to John and Nancy's first daughter,
      Sarah, was not born until 1802. Since Daniel Peek Culpepper was born
      in April of 1800, it is possible that this was a young relative who
      was helping out the new mother. In a 2 Feb 1898 article about Francis
      Gillespie Culpepper, John Culpepper's son, which appeared in the
      Shiner Gazette Francis Gillespie was reported to have born in
      Edgefield District, SC. Francis was still living in 1898 and
      presumably would have been the source of this information. In
      addition, another son, Lewis Peek Culpepper, read this same article
      and found it "a tolerable correct historical account." The obituary of
      another son, George Washington Culpepper, also gave his place of birth
      as Edgefield District, SC in 1808. Edgefield District was to the west
      of Lexington District with which it shared half of its southeastern
      border. It was bounded on the southwest by the Savannah River which
      formed the boundary between South Carolina and Georgia. Francis
      Gillespie was born in 1804 and George Washington Culpepper was born in
      1808 but John Culpepper does not show up in Edgefield District land
      records until 1814. Although the John Culpepper family appears to have
      been in Edgefield District at least by 1813, it is doubtful that the
      family was there in 1804. It is more likely that the family was still
      in Lexington District in the early 1800's.

      A Lexington, SC researcher, Lee R. Gandee, wrote in a 23 May 1974
      letter to Billy W. Dunn, that the Congaree plantations were noted for
      their crops of indigo and tobacco. Lee R. Gandee added: Then nearly
      all the people in this area pulled up and left, either to the area
      around Montezuma, Georgia or to Alabama--Kirkpartricks, Taylors,
      Fitzpatricks, Threewittses--Geigers--everybody who was anybody, for
      the River began destroying the low land by floods by 1800, and by 1830
      the River swamps were grown up in a jungle and stagnant water made it
      a death-feeding pesthole of fevers as malaria and dengue-carrying
      mosquitoes swarmed.... Two years ago [1972], I walked 7 miles from
      Thom's Creek to Cayce on the Old State Road, along which these
      families lived, and did not pass a single house or building. It is now
      in huge tracts of swamp or woodland or in fields, and floods still
      sometimes put 15 feet of water over the old road. Just back from the
      river, not more than a mile or two, the poorest sand land in the
      county begins, and here, up from the swampy river land are the few
      houses that remain of the Plantation families....

      By 1807, John Culpepper appears to have moved his family back across
      the Congaree River to Richland District, SC where he shows up in
      Richland District, SC estate records as an administrator of the estate
      of Daniel Peek, Nancy Gillespie's presumed grandfather. It is
      interesting to note in these estate papers that Joseph Culpepper,
      John's presumed uncle, signed the $20,000 Administration Bond with
      John. And although the name was spelled "Culpepper" throughout the
      documents by whomever drew up the papers, both men signed their names
      "Culpeper" at the bottom of the bond:
      Administration Bond. S O U T H - C A R O L I N A
      KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, That we John Culpepper John Slappy
      Joseph Culpepper and George Slapy are holden and firmly bound unto
      James Guignard Esquire, ordinary for the district of Richland in the
      full and just sum of Twenty Thousand Dollars lawful money of this
      state, to be paid to the said James S. Guignard or his successors,
      ordinaries of this district, or their certain attorney or assigns. To
      which payment well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, and every
      of us, our and every of our heirs, executors and administrators, for
      the whole and in the whole, jointly and severally, firmly by these
      presents. Sealed with our seals, and dated the fourteenth day of
      December in the year of you Lord one thousand eight hundred and Seven.
      THE CONDITION OF THIS OBLIGATION IS SUCH, That if the within bounden
      administrat ors of all and singular the goods, chattels and credits of
      Daniel Peak deceased, do make, or cause to be made, a true and perfect
      inventory of all and singular the goods, chattels and credits of the
      said deceased, which have, or shall come to the hands, possession, or
      knowledge of them the said John Culpepper and John Slappy or into the
      hands or possession of any other person or persons for them and the
      same so made, do exhibit, or cause to be exhibited into the ordinary's
      office of this district, at or before the first Satur day of February
      next ensuing. And the same goods, chattels and credits, and all other
      goods, chattels and credits of the said deceased, at the time of his
      death, which at any time hereafter shall come to the hands or
      possession of the said John Culpepper and John Slappy or into the
      hands and possession of any other person or persons for them do well
      and truly administer according to law. And further, do make, or cause
      to be made, a true and just account of their administration, at or
      before the first Satur day of January 1809 & afterwards whenever
      req[uired]. And all rest and residue of the said goods, chattels and
      credits which shall be found remaining on the said administrat ors
      account (the same being first examined and allowed by the ordinary of
      this district for the time being) shall deliver and pay unto such
      person or persons respectively as the said ordinary, by his decree or
      sentence, pursuant to the true intent and meaning of the statutes and
      acts of assembly, of force in this state, for the better settling of
      intestates' estates, shall limit and appoint. And if it shall
      hereafter appear, that any last Will and Testament was made by the
      said deceased, and the executor or executors therein named do exhibit
      the same to the said ordinary, making request to have it allowed and
      approved accordingly, if the said John Culpepper and John Slappy
      within bounden, being thereunto required, do render and deliver the
      said letters of administration, approbation of such testament being
      first had and made, to the said ordinary; then this obligation to be
      void and of none effect, or else to remain in full force and virtue.
      Signed, sealed and delivered,_______in the presence of______ "And
      afterwards whenever required" ______Interlined before
      signing_______/s/ John Culpeper [seal]
      _________________witness______________/s/ John Slappey [seal] William
      Guphill_______________________/s/ Joseph Culpeper [seal] Thomas
      Watts__________________________/s/ George Slappey [seal] Frederick
      Class John Wolf

      John Culpepper was again listed as a head-of-household in the 1810
      census of Richland District, SC. He was with his wife and a family
      which now included six sons and a daughter. An additional 26-45 year
      old woman, a 16-26 year old woman and a 0-10 year old boy were also
      listed in the household that year and are unidentified. Could they
      have been Nancy Gillespie Culpepper's mother, Elizabeth (Peek)
      Gillespie, sister, Elizabeth (Gillespie) Slappey, with a young son,
      John Slappey? At some point after this census, John Culpepper moved
      his family west to Edgefield District, SC. As noted above, the family
      might have been in Edgefield District before 1804 and then returned to
      Richland District for the administration of Daniel Peek's will but it
      is more likely that the family moved to Edgefield District after the
      1810 census and possibly because of the War of 1812. A son, William
      Henry Culpepper, who was born 17 Oct 1813, gave his place of birth as
      Edgefield District, SC on a Civil War Muster Roll. This would seem to
      indicate that the John Culpepper family was in Edgefield District, SC
      by this date but John does not appear in the land records of Edgefield
      District, SC until Nov 1814 when he received a state grant of 138
      acres on Cuffee Town Creek. The following is a Grant to John Culpepper
      138 A. - Edgefield Nov. 7, 1814, from p. 278 of S. C. Archives State
      Grants: Vol. 59: _____THE STATE OF SOUTH-CAROLINA. To all to whom
      these Presents shall come, Greeting: _____Know Ye, That in pursuance
      of an Act of the Legislature, entitled, "An Act for establishing the
      mode of granting the lands vacant in this state, and for allowing a
      commutation to be received for some lands that have been granted," and
      by these presents do grant unto John Culpepper his heirs and assigns,
      a plantation or tract of land, containing One Hundred thirty eight
      Acres Surveyed for William Dickson the 3rd Octr 1813, Situated in
      Edgefield District on Cuffeetown Creek Waters of Stevens Creek of
      Savannah River having such shape, form and marks, as are represented
      by a plat hereunto annexed, together with all woods, trees, waters,
      water courses, profits, commodities, appurtenances and hereditaments
      whatsoever thereabouts belonging: TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said tract
      of One Hundred & thirty eight acres of land, and all and singular
      other the premises hereby granted unto the said John Culpepper his
      heirs and assigns forever, in free and common soccage. Given under the
      Great Seal of the State. WITNESS, his Excellency Joseph Alstar [?]
      Esquire, Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the said State,
      at Columbia, this Seventh Day of November Anno Domini one thousand
      eight hundred fourteen and of the Independence of the United States of
      America, the thirty ninth _______________ /s/ Jos [SEAL] Alstar[?] And
      hath thereunto a plat thereof annexed, representing the same,
      certified by ___________________ /s/ William Clark Surveyor General
      ___________________________________________Nov. 1 1814

      The land was bounded by Frederick Slappey, Matthew Bassett, and
      others. Cuffey Town Creek parallels the Abbeville District border.
      John Culpepper and his family were still living in Edgefield District,
      SC in 1816 when the youngest child, Lewis Peek Culpepper, was born.
      John does not appear as a head of household in 1820 census, but is
      presumed to have been living in Edgefield District, SC with his family
      since in February 1823, John sold 144 acres "where I now live" on
      Cuffee Town Creek to Josiah Langley for $800. This parcel was one
      granted to George Shelnut, not his own 138 acre grant, the sale of
      which was not recorded. It is possible that one of John's married sons
      or daughters had been left living on the original parcel. The lot John
      sold in 1823 adjoined Josiah Langley and the heirs of Robert Bell, one
      of whom was John Culpepper's son, John Jefferson Culpepper, who had
      married Bell's daughter Catherine. This appears to be the land that
      William Bell was living on in the 1820 census of Edgefield District,
      SC. Perhaps John moved his family from his Edgefield District grant
      land to this lot between 1820 and 1823.

      John and Nancy moved to Georgia when their son, Lewis, was seven,
      about 1823 or 1824. This would be in line with John's sale of the 144
      acres "where I now live" February 1823 in Edgefield District, SC to
      Josiah Langley. At least two and possibly three of John and Nancy's
      children moved out ahead of them. Daniel Culpepper's son, James Marion
      Culpepper, was born Feb 1823 and based on later census records he was
      born in Georgia. No records have been found showing where the family
      was located at the time but James Marion's son, Rev.
      John Butler stated that his father was born in Baldwin Co., GA. Based
      on later census records, Sarah (Culpepper) Elliott's daughter Cynthia
      was also born in Georgia circa 1823. A specific place of birth is not
      known. Another son, John Jefferson Culpepper, and his family might
      also have moved on ahead although there are no records that any
      children were born to them during this time period. Baldwin Co., GA
      would have been on the route between South Carolina and Monroe Co., GA
      where the family finally emerges in land records.

      John William Culpepper, a great-great-great-grandson of John and Nancy
      Culpepper wrote about the Wadley City Cemetery in an 18 Aug 1994
      letter: On one of the full length stone slabs covering one of the
      graves in the Wadley Cemetery, there is carving indicating the
      individual was buried in 1856. Many of the graves with such rock slabs
      have no carving. It is an old cemetery, and originally the Elliot
      family cemetery [John Culpepper's daughter, Sarah married an Elliott].
      The grave with the carving is near the grave of Wm. Henry Culpepper [a
      son of John and Nancy Culpepper].
      It is also possible that the unmarked graves are those of Sarah O.
      (Culpepper) Elliott and her daughter, Cynthia, who are supposed to be
      buried in the cemetery.

      Hi Scott,
      Thanks for sharing the details on the ancestry of the Alabama's
      Governor, Bob Riley (Robert Renfroe Riley).
      For those of you who are not familiar with his ancestor Lewis
      Dean, he was the son of John Wesley Dean and Betsey Culpepper, and she
      the daughter of John Culpepper and Nancy Gillespie, of early Randolph
      County, AL. You can find Betsey (Mary Elizabeth) Culpepper in our
      file at:
      Regards, Lew Griffin