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Cadwallen II ap Cadfan Of Gwynedd (Wales)

Male Abt 600 - Yes, date unknown


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  • Name Cadwallen II ap Cadfan Of Gwynedd (Wales) 
    Born Abt 600 
    Gender Male 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    Person ID I5482  MyTree
    Last Modified 15 Aug 2009 

    Father Cadfan ap Iago Of Gwynedd (Wales),   b. 580,   d. Abt 620  (Age 40 years) 
    Mother Acha Afandreg Ddu Of Deira (Powyrs) 
    Family ID F3081  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elen\Helen Of Mercia (Saxony) 
    Children 
    +1. Pendragon Cadwaladr Fendigiad (the Of Gwynedd (Wales),   b. 630,   d. 682  (Age 52 years)
    Last Modified 17 Jul 2017 
    Family ID F3083  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • The first half of the seventh century saw a struggle between the
      Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria and Gwynedd for the mastery of the
      former province of Britain. Cadwallon of Gwynedd allied himself with
      Penda, the pagan Anglo-Saxon king of Mercia, against Edwin of
      Northumbria. In 633 the allies defeated and killed Edwin and Cadwallon
      became the dominant ruler north of the Trent but he was killed a year
      later near Hadrian’s Wall. The struggle continued for some time but
      Northumbria emerged victorious and Gwynedd’s bid for supremacy came to
      an end.

      In the eighth century Mercia, the former ally emerged as the new
      threat and became the leading Anglo-Saxon power. Several Mercian
      attacks on Gwynedd followed. At the end of the century, Offa of Mercia
      built the dyke which bears his name and this marked the final boundary
      between Wales and England. Mercian attacks continued however and in
      822 Deganwy, Maelgwn Gwynedd’s former stronghold was destroyed.